Software Development for Start-ups
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Best 5 CSS Frameworks for Front-end Developers in 2024

By Akhil SundarMay 12, 2023, 3 p.m. Application development company
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CSS frameworks have become indispensable for web development as they can help to streamline the development process and result in saving time and effort.

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Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a pre-written library of CSS code providing a set of styles as well as design patterns which can be used to create consistently responsive web layouts. These frameworks typically include typography, a grid system, and a set of common UI elements like forms, buttons, and navigation menus. These are used to control the appearance of a document that is written in HTML/XML. Using CSS, you can create a wide range of visual styles, which include fonts, layouts, colors, borders, margins, etc.

There have been many different versions of CSS, each one being an improvement over the previous one. Therefore, if you are not sure where to start and which CSS framework to use for front-end development, here we attempt to provide you with a short list of the best ones that you can use to save time and effort during web development.

CSS Frameworks – What They Are

CSS framework

Front-end CSS frameworks are libraries that contain standardized pre-written CSS code. They contain pre-defined UI components, responsive grid systems, and styling for elements such as forms, buttons, and, text, among others. A CSS framework provides web designers and developers with a starting point to design and build websites efficiently and quickly. With the help of high-quality CSS editors, they can help to enhance front-end designs.

CSS Frameworks – Benefits of Use

  • They are easy to use and customize even if the developers and designers have minimal CSS skills
  • One need not write all the CSS code
  • These frameworks are designed to provide a consistent look and feel across every page of the website, thus enhancing the UX and allowing developers to follow best practices
  • Frameworks include code that can handle cross-browser compatibility issues
  • CSS frameworks sometimes include code that makes a website more accessible
  • Popular CSS frameworks have active communities and make it easy to connect with other users to share new ideas and seek help if required
  • CSS frameworks create responsive websites, that is, they look good when opened on different screens of different sizes
  •  Developers can expedite maintenance operations like upgrades and bug fixes by utilising a CSS framework. Since the community updates and maintains frameworks on a regular basis, developers can take advantage of the newest features and improvements without having to start from scratch.
  • By offering semantic markup and adhering to WCAG rules, many CSS frameworks prioritise accessibility best practices. By doing this, you may improve inclusivity and compliance with accessibility requirements by guaranteeing that websites developed with the framework are accessible to persons with impairments.
  • CSS frameworks are made to grow in complexity along with projects, from small-scale webpages to sophisticated applications. They provide scalable approaches to manage components, styles, and layouts, which makes long-term upkeep and expansion easier.


The Best front-end CSS Frameworks in 2024

1. Bootstrap

Bootstrap is one of the most popular and well-known CSS frameworks among web developers across the world. Designed by Twitter, this framework provides a wide range of comprehensive tools and assets for designing web applications such as an interactive Flipbook maker or photo editor.

Bootstrap offers a consistent code base that provides the best results. However, there is little room for flexibility. Bootstrap classes are designed to help front-end developers quickly add styling instructions to their HTML code. The Bootstrap framework is well-documented, and it is easy to find resources. 

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  • Has a large support community
  • The framework is built with accessibility in mind
  • Supports SASS and LESS


  • Little to no design flexibility
  • Creates files of large sizes and therefore with increased download times
  • Relies heavily on classes
  • Does have compatibility issues with previous browser versions

2. Bulma

Bulma is a free, open-source CSS framework that is based on Flexbox. The objective was to create a modern and minimalist alternative to the existing CSS frameworks. Bulma is designed as a strict CSS-only approach and does not include any JavaScript components. Bulma has a modular approach without using classes for styling and layout. Therefore, developers can create custom designs without writing a lot of CSS code. 

Bulma’s modular design accounts for its flexibility. It is easy to customize Bulma to make fit customized needs for a project. It is also designed to support cross-browser compatibility. The best part is that it is fast, lightweight, and provides optimal performance.

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  • High flexibility and ability to customize 
  • Lightweight, fast
  • Has a modular design and does not have classes


  • Small developer community 
  • Not very easy to learn for those who are new to Flexbox

3. Tailwind

Tailwind is a modern, utility-first, CSS framework that is popular. As the best CSS library that is available for beginners, this framework contains a set of pre-defined CSS classes that can be applied to HTML elements. This helps front-end developers quickly build custom interfaces that are fast and efficient.

Tailwind is designed to provide developers with more control over the appearance and feel of their websites. With Tailwind you can quickly build high-quality, responsive, and accessible websites.


  • Enhances developer productivity
  • Highly customizable


  • Relies heavily on utility classes

4. Pure

Pure is a lightweight and minimalist CSS framework which provides only a small set of basic styles for HTML elements such as forms, buttons, tables, etc. This framework helps to reduce the amount of CSS code that is required for web application styling and makes it easy for developers to both understand and modify quickly.


  • It has a minimalist design and is lightweight 
  • It is highly customizable


  • It has limited JavaScript support

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5. Water

As a classless CSS framework, water is based on minimalistic design principles and provides just the bare styling essentials for developing web pages.

This framework is easy to add to any project and requires copying only one line of code into the HTML file. It is lightweight, loads fast, and is ideal for making simple static websites that are visually appealing.


  • Lightweight, fast, and easy to use


  • Not suited for large or complex projects
  • Limited options for customization 


Using the abovementioned CSS frameworks in your next project can help you add styling elements as well as make your web applications more responsive.  

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It would be difficult to state the exact number of CSS frameworks that are available for use in the market. However, an estimate would be about 40 frameworks that you could choose from for your project.

If you possess basic CSS skills, Bootstrap or Tailwind are easy to learn and master as these two frameworks enjoy a large support community and are very popular.

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