Android Development
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Best Android App Development Languages in 2023

By Ranju RJan. 30, 2023, 3 p.m. Application development company
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Top Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2023

Consumers today rely heavily on mobile apps to accomplish different tasks in their daily lives. Almost every service is available online, thanks to the advent of smartphones. You can do anything from booking a hotel to ordering a meal to checking your email using Android apps that are loaded on your smartphones.

Apps are, therefore, popular platforms that help businesses to build connections with their customers. Thus, most companies are investing in creating Android apps by engaging android app development companies to improve user engagement with their brands. 

For getting the best results in terms of the best effects on the Android app to drive user engagement, it is vital to select the best Android app programming languages. In this blog post, we have attempted to list the most trending most popular programming languages for creating the best Android apps using which you can create the most secure Android apps quickly.

We have chosen those programming languages for Android that improve productivity because they can handle the challenging tasks during the creation of these apps and help to reduce the effort that has to be put in by the developer. 

Most Popular Programming Languages for Android

The first step to creating a scalable secure and high-performing Android app is selecting the appropriate programming language. Listed below are some of the most popular programming languages commonly used by Android app developers.

Popular Programming Languages for Android

Kotlin 

For the newbies, Android Studio supports development using Kotlin. For the developers, Kotlin provides a very basic entry point to creating seamless Android apps, and this is the precise reason why Google declared Kotlin as the preferred language for developers of Android apps. 

Whereas the costs of language development are borne by JetBrains, the Kotlin Foundation protects its trademark. Kotlin has concise code syntax and can be compiled into native code or JavaScript. It operated on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

Kotlin Advantages

  • It is open-source
  • It reduces development time
  • Supports operator overloading
  • It features simple and easy-to-learn syntax 
  • Allows to build clean code
  • Fully supported by IDEs and Google

Java

Java is a language that has been designed to have only limited dependencies. Therefore, it is easy to use Java across multiple mobile app development platforms. Java is easy to learn and supports JavaScript. You can also choose the OS that you like. 

 

Java Vs Kotlin

 

Java is a server-side programming language that is very robust. It can be compiled/interpreted and offers advanced security options. Java offers many complex programming options such as checked and null pointer errors, constructors, and more.

To include Java SDK one needs rudimentary knowledge of topics like Gradle and XML. Java’s community is large and diverse.

Java is the perfect place to begin learning Android app development and helps individuals to gather a comprehensive understanding of Android app development. If concerned about the code’s complexity it is a good idea to focus on the design and refer to tutorials whenever required.

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Java Advantages

  • It is popular for its code reusability characteristics and portability 
  • It is compatible with VMs, browsers, and different environments
  • The Java interface is explicit and it is a simple language
  • It is flexible and portable

C#

For developers who are familiar with Microsoft’s C and C++, C# presents a more relaxed, object-oriented variant of the first two languages. A C# program reads like a streamlined version of Java, and this was what Microsoft was aiming for with C++ plus Visual Basic. Garbage collection in C# is much similar to that in Java, so you do not have to worry about manually freeing up memory or memory leaks. C# has more syntax rules than Java.

C# is simple and powerful and is very popular. C# programs are simple to write and easily understood. There is no need to have deep expertise in other programming languages. It is easy to use C3 as Microsoft has its own tools for every stage of development. Microsoft has many IDEs including the Visual Studio community edition. This allows developers to completely develop an Android app from start to finish without making additional purchases. 

C# Advantages

  • It is modern, scalable, and structured
  • It makes available a function-rich library
  • Type-safe code ensures security 
  • It is updateable and interoperable
  • It is easy to use and can be quickly deployed
  • It is a general-purpose language and simple
  • It is object-oriented and component-oriented

C++/C

Google offers NDK (Native Development Kit), a special toolset, in addition to the SDK, which employs native languages like C++ and C to create Android apps. C++ or C cannot help you to create a full-fledged program. The NDK will allow you to create a native library which could be used in Java programs.

However, in a majority of the cases, you will find that it is necessary to use the NDK. Instead of creating code that runs on the JVM, with the NDK, you can write code that runs natively on the device, helping you access resources such as the RAM.

Read our blog on “Android App Development Trends”.

The NDK is designed to help you get the maximum advantage when there is a heavy load. C and C++ libraries integrate this technique into application programming. Moreover, C/C++ programs are very fast to execute and simple and easy to write and understand. 

C++ is often used across many industries such as gaming, desktop applications, and machine learning. Moreover, Swift is considered a successor of Objective C and this language has numerous features that make it perfect for Android as well as iOS development.

C++ Advantages

  • A high-level and object-oriented language
  • Built-in libraries for different functionalities
  • High program execution speed
  • No background garbage collector
  • The app can run on any platform along with hardware benefits

Python

Many Python development third-party tools are available that allow the conversion of Python programs into packages that are Android-based mobile device compatible. It’s an object-oriented language that also has features such as dynamic binding and typing that make it the best pick for creating Android apps.

Python makes it easy for developers to translate code thereby speeding up the python development process when compared to many other programming languages. The application development and maintenance costs are also reduced because of the use of this technology. Python can be used to create very simple apps as well as large commercial ones.

Python is used to build different types of applications such as network servers, machine learning apps, media tools, desktop apps, and web apps. The library support is extensive for Python and the language may be the best choice for creating Android apps. Python apps are known to consume more memory.

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Python Advantages

  • Reduces app development time
  • Structured and readable code, making clean code a possibility
  • Can be used to build GUIs using standard libraries
  • You can build scalable apps
  • Suited for analyzing and computing numeric data
  • The availability of many frameworks allows for more flexibility

Also Read:

Using Firebase Realtime Database in Android

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FAQs

Any Android app is an application that runs on the Android operating system. The Android OS is designed primarily for mobile devices. Therefore most Android apps are either designed for a PC or a mobile device that is loaded with Android OS.

The official Android app development language is Kotlin. Most Android parts are written using Java/Kotlin and the APIs are written using Java. C# and C++ are also used for building Android apps.

We fully believe that any app idea that you bring to us is yours alone. Therefore, to ensure confidentiality, we sign a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) with you that is legally binding. This assures complete privacy of your app development project.

Building an Android app depends on multiple factors such as the complexity of the app, the number of features, the app’s scalability, the functionalities required and the hosting options.

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